A European Commission report on Turkey, held back until after the general election on Nov. 1 accuses Ankara of backsliding on the rule of law, freedom of expression and judicial independence, Reuters reports.
A copy of the draft annual progress report on Turkey’s EU candidacy, seen by Reuters, also cites a severe deterioration in the security situation and an increasing politicization of the state administration as Justice and Development Party (AKP), in power for the last 13 years, tightens its grip.
The EU body, which is urgently trying to secure Turkey’s help to stem flows of Syrian refugees and other migrants from Turkey to Europe, insisted it had not delayed the report for political reasons.
It also said it was up to Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker to decide when the progress reports on candidate countries, usually released in October, are approved and published.
In the forensic language of the Commission’s department for enlargement negotiations, the draft describes an overall drift toward more authoritarian governance in Turkey.
“The outgoing government has made efforts to reinvigorate the EU accession process,” it says. “However, this commitment was offset by the adoption of key legislation in the area of the rule of law, freedom of expression and freedom of assembly that ran against European standards.”
It depicts a court system increasingly under the thumb of the government or subject to undue political duress.
“The situation has been backsliding since 2014,” it said. “The independence of the judiciary and the separation of powers have been considerably undermined and judges and prosecutors have been under strong political pressure.”
The report also hinted at criticism of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s personal exercise of power, saying the president remained engaged in a wide range of foreign and domestic policy issues, leading to criticism in Turkey that he was overstepping his constitutional prerogatives.
EU officials and diplomats said Brussels decided to keep the potentially explosive document under wraps until after Turkey’s Nov. 1 parliamentary election – the second national vote this year as the initial one on June 7 failed to produce a government – because the EU was seeking Ankara’s cooperation in stemming the flow of Syrian and other refugees to Europe.
“It just makes sense not to release the report while we are trying to enlist their help with the refugee crisis,” a senior Commission official said.
In similarly pragmatic vein, Juncker told the European Parliament on Tuesday that, despite human rights concerns, “whether we like it or not, we have to work with Turkey.”