On Wednesday, April 29th, Armenian Church leaders will host a press conference at the National Press Club to announce the launch of legal action before Turkey’s Constitutional Court to regain ownership of the historic headquarters of the Church, which includes the Catholicosate, the monastery and cathedral of St. Sophia, a major Armenian Christian holy site located in the Sis (city of Kozan), in south-central Turkey. This site was confiscated by the Turkish Government following the Genocide of 1915 in which over 1.5 million Armenians were killed or deported by the Ottoman Empire.
This lawsuit, brought by the Catholicosate of the Great House of Cilicia, displaced to Lebanon after the events of 1915, reflects the determination of Armenians worldwide, on the Centenary of the Genocide, to reclaim their sacred religious property and Christian heritage in lands where they lived peacefully for centuries.
The Catholicosate which is the administrative center of the church, was moved from Armenia to Cilicia in the 10th century, and after changing a few locations it was finally established in Sis (Kozan) in the year 1295. It remained in Sis till 1921. Under the Ottoman Empire, the Catholicosate of Cilicia was recognized as an independent church. During the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, the Armenian population of Sis was massacred and deported, and its Christian holy sites were pillaged and confiscated.
Armenia became, in 301 A.D., the first nation to adopt Christianity as its state religion. Armenians have had a long historical presence in what is present-day Turkey. According to Payam Akhavan, a former UN prosecutor and lead international counsel in this legal action, the return of the historical Seat of the Catholicosate of Cilicia “is a litmus test for the Turkish Government’s respect for the human rights of its Christian minorities, their freedom of worship in a culture of tolerance and dignity. This is a unique opportunity to do justice, to help heal the wounds of the past, to move towards Turkish-Armenian reconciliation, a better future for both nations.”