Armenia’s HDI value for 2012 is 0.729—in the high human development category—positioning the country at 87 out of 187 countries and territories. As the underlying data and methods for calculation of HDIs have changed, it does not allow to compare values and rankings related to Armenia with those of previously published human development reports,
Between 1990 and 2012, Armenia’s HDI value increased from 0.628 to 0.729, an increase of 16 percent or average annual increase of about 0.7 percent.
Between 1980 and 2012, Armenia’s life expectancy at birth increased by 3.5 years, mean years of schooling increased by 1.6 years and expected years of schooling increased by 2.3 years. Armenia’s GNI per capita increased by about 96 percent between 1990 and 2012.
Armenia’s 2012 HDI of 0.729 is below the average of 0.758 for countries in the high human development group and below the average of 0.771 for countries in Europe and Central Asia. From Europe and Central Asia, countries which are close to Armenia in 2012 HDI rank and population size are Georgia and Azerbaijan, which have HDIs ranked 72 and 82 respectively.
The 2010 HDR introduced the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which identifies multiple deprivations in the same households in education, health and standard of living. Armenia’s MPI value, which is the share of the population that is multi-dimensionally poor adjusted by the intensity of the deprivations, was 0.001 and is slightly ahead of Georgia and Azerbaijan, which had MPI values of 0.003 and 0.021 respectively.